Population of Yukon




Human population can have an impact on the state of the environment based on:

  • how many people there are (population growth);
  • where those people live (population distribution); and
  • how close in proximity they live (population density).

Keeping track of these three population indicators can help in analyzing and predicting the impact that human activities can have on the environment.

The distribution and density of Yukon’s population may have an impact on where land use activities take place; however, land use is also determined by opportunities for development. For information on Yukon's economy, visit the Yukon Bureau of Statistics. Land use activities in Yukon are managed through environmental assessments, permitting and land use planning.


People enjoying the Dawson City Music Festival.



What is happening?

Overall, Yukon's population density is very low. On the 2011 census, there were 0.1 people for every square kilometer in Yukon.


Table 1: 2017 Population, growth, and density of Yukon communities.
2017 population Population growth from 2017 (per cent change) 2011 Population density (people per square kilometer)
BEAVER CREEK 109 -0% 3.8
BURWASH LANDING 108 -4.4% 3.2
CARCROSS 499 -2.9% 20.3
CARMACKS 551 1.3% 13.6
DAWSON CITY 2,226 3.2% 40.7
DESTRUCTION BAY 55 12.2% 2.6
FARO 397 0.8% 1.7
HAINES JUNCTION 909 0.4% 17.2
MAYO 449 -7.0% 213.2
OLD CROW 257 0.0% 17.3
PELLY CROSSING 395 2.3% 10.4
ROSS RIVER 401 -1.0% 17.1
TAGISH 263 2.7% 8.6
TESLIN 514 1.4% 65.7
WATSON LAKE 1,464 0.3% 131.3
WHITEHORSE / MARSH LAKE 29,758 1.7% 7.5
YUKON TOTAL 38,355 0.1% 0.1

Yukon’s population is not distributed evenly across the territory. There are many more people residing in southern Yukon, with approximately 77 per cent living in the Whitehorse/Marsh Lake area. The population density of this area, however, is still low at 7.5 people per square kilometer because the population totals incorporate Whitehorse and all surrounding areas (e.g., Ibex Valley, McPherson/Grizzly Valley, Marsh Lake and Mount Lorne).

Over the past 10 years (June 2007 to June 2017), the population increased by 6,243 people, or 19.4 per cent. Over the past year (June 2016 to June 2017), the total Yukon population increased by 597 people, or 1.6 per cent. The increase in population is mostly due to growth in the Whitehorse/Marsh Lake area. Population density is only 0.1 people per square kilometre.

Yukon’s community populations have been fairly stable since 1990. One exception is Faro, as the population was tied to the operation of the Faro mine that closed in April 1993, reopened in August 1995 and then closed permanently in January 1998.

For more information on Yukon community socio-economics visit the Government of Yukon Socio-Economic Web Portal.


Haines Junction.


Figure 1: Population of Whitehorse compared to total population in Yukon.
* Due to a change in methodology in 2015, revised figures for the period from April 2011 to December 2014 are not strictly comparable to figures prior to that period.
Figure 2: Yukon community populations, 1990-2017.
* Due to a change in methodology in 2015, revised figures for the period from April 2011 to December 2014 are not strictly comparable to figures prior to that period.


Data quality

Population density is calculated during the Statistics Canada census; therefore, the most current data is from 2011. For the census, Statistics Canada divides data into 37 geographic census subdivisions that are different from the community divisions that Yukon Bureau of Statistics uses for population estimates. For this reason, use population density information with care.


Street fair in Whitehorse.