ENVIRONMENT YUKON






Yukon species at risk

Yukon Wild Buckwheat

Yukon Wild Buckwheat known only from Yukon and Alaska (photo: B.A. Bennett, YG).

The earth's plants and animals are going extinct at an alarming rate— biologists have estimated at about 100 species every day. Many more species are at risk, including some that live in the Yukon.

Cover image of Species at Risk document

Want more information about species at risk nationally that occur in Yukon? Full of photos, maps, and interesting facts, Yukon Species at Risk describes the threats faced by some of our most iconic plants and animals.


 

Mechanisms for identifying species at risk

Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada

COSEWIC is a national committee that evaluates the status of all wildlife species in Canada and identifies those most at risk. COSEWIC places species at risk in the following categories:

Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES)

CITES is an international agreement between governments. Its aim is to ensure that international trade of wild animals and plants does not threaten their survival. Currently many mammals, birds and orchids require a special permit to bring listed species into or out of Canada. If you have any questions, please contact a Conservation Officer.

Yukon Wildlife Act

The Yukon Wildlife Act (Regulations Section 5) lists several species as "specially protected" including:

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Species at risk in Yukon

At Risk in Yukon (last date assessed by COSEWIC)*

Endangered

Plants:

  • Yukon Draba (Draba yukonensis) (2011, sent back for review)

Birds:

  • Eskimo Curlew (2010)

Mammals:

  • Little Brown Myotis (Little Brown Bat - Myotis lucifugus) (2012)
  • Northern Myotis (Northern Long-eared Bat - Myotis septentrionalis) (2012)

Insects:

  • Gypsy Cuckoo Bumble Bee (Bombus bohemicus) (2014)
 

Threatened

Plants:

  • Alkaline Wing-nerved Moss (Pterygoneurum kozlovii) (2004)
  • Baikal Sedge (Carex sabulosa) (2015, reassessed as Special Concern)

Fishes:

  • European / Lake Whitefish (Dezadeash, Little Teslin, Squanga lakes) (2018, awaiting listing)

Birds:

  • Bank Swallow (2013)
  • Barn Swallow (2011)
  • Canada Warbler (2008)
  • Common Nighthawk (2007, reassessed as Special Concern)
  • Olive-sided Flycatcher (2007, reassessed as Special Concern)
  • Red Knot (roselaari type) (2007, an accidental species in Yukon)

Mammals:

  • Caribou (Barren-ground population) (2016, awaiting listing)
  • Caribou (Boreal population) (2014)
  • Wood Bison (2013, reassessed as Special Concern)

Special Concern

Plants:
  • Spiked Saxifrage (Micranthes spicata) (2015, awaiting listing)
  • Tiny Tassel Moss (Crossidium seriatum) (2014, awaiting listing)
  • Yukon Podistera (Podistera yukonensis) (2014, awaiting listing) 
  • Yukon Wild Buckwheat (Eriogonum flavum var. aquilinum) (2017, awaiting listing)                 

Insects:

  • Dune Tachinid Fly (Germania angustata) (2011)
  • Transverse Lady Beetle (Coccinella transversoguttata) (2016, awaiting listing)
  • Western Bumble Bee mckayi subspecies (Bombus occidentalis mckayi) (2014, awaiting listing)
  • Yellow-banded Bumble Bee (Bombus terricola) (2015)

Amphibians:

  • Western Toad (2012)

Fishes:

  • Bering Cisco (Coregonus laurettae) (2017, awaiting listing)
  • Bull Trout (Western Arctic population 2012, awaiting listing)
  • Dolly Varden (Western Arctic population 2010, awaiting listing)

Birds:

  • Buff-breasted Sandpiper (2012)
  • Evening Grosbeak (2016, awaiting listing)
  • Horned Grebe (2009)
  • Peregrine Falcon (2017, reassessed as Not At Risk)
  • Red-necked Phalarope (2014, awaiting listing)
  • Rusty Blackbird (2017)
  • Short-eared Owl (2008)

Mammals:

  • Bowhead Whale (Bering-Chukchi-Beaufort population) (2009)
  • Caribou (Northern Mountain population) (2014)
  • Collared Pika (2011)
  • Grey Whale (Eastern North Pacific population) (2017, reassessed as Not At Risk)
  • Grizzly Bear (Western population) (2012)
  • Polar Bear (2008)
  • Wolverine (2014)

Under Review (anticipated date of next assessment)

Plants

  • Alkaline Wing-nerved Moss (Pterygoneurum kozlovii) (April 2020)
  • Yukon Draba (Draba yukonensis) (November 2018)

Insects:

  • Suckley's Cuckoo Bumble Bee (November 2019)

Birds:

  • Barn Swallow (April 2020)
  • Canada Warbler (November 2019)
  • Hudsonian Godwit (April 2019)
  • Killdeer (November 2019)
  • Lesser Yellowlegs (November 2019)
  • Red Knot roselaari type (April 2019)
  • Ruddy Turnstone (November 2019)
  • Short-eared Owl (November 2019)

Mammals:

  • Beluga (Eastern Beaufort Sea population) (November 2019)
  • Polar Bear (Novemberl 2018)
  • Ringed Seal (April 2019)


Not at Risk

Plants:

  • Narrow-leaved Wallflower (Erysimum angustatum) (April 1993)
  • Wood’s Sagebrush (Artemisia rupestris) (April 1997)
  • Yukon Aster (Symphyotrichum yukonensis) (April 1996)
  • Yukon Goldenweed (Nestotus macleanii) (April 1997)

Amphibians:

  • Columbia Spotted Frog (May 2000)

Fishes:

  • Pygmy Whitefish (Pacific populations) (November 2016)
  • Spoonhead Sculpin (April 1989)

Birds:

  • American Coot (April 1991)
  • Bald Eagle (April 1984)
  • Black Tern (April 1996)
  • Boreal Owl (April 1995)
  • Caspian Tern (April 1999)
  • Common Loon (April 1997)
  • Double-crested Cormorant (April 1978)
  • Golden Eagle (April 1996)
  • Great Grey Owl (April 1996)
  • Gyrfalcon (April 1987)
  • Merlin (April 1985)
  • Northern Goshawk atricapillus subspecies (April 1996)
  • Northern Harrier (April 1993)
  • Northern Hawk Owl (April 1992)
  • Red-necked Grebe (April 1982)
  • Red-tailed Hawk (April 1995)
  • Rough-legged Hawk (April 1995)
  • Sharp-shinned Hawk (April 1997)
  • Snowy Owl (April 1995)
  • Trumpeter Swan (April 1996)
  • Yellow-billed Loon (2017)

Mammals:

  • American Black Bear (April 1999)
  • Beluga – Eastern Beaufort Sea Population (May 2004)
  • Canada Lynx (May 2001)
  • Northern Grey Wolf (April 1999)
  • Ringed Seal (April 1989)

Data Deficient

*These species are listed under the Species At Risk Act in these categories unless otherwise indicated.

    

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How you can help

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Additional resources

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Contact the Biodiversity Unit

Phone: 867-667-5715
Toll-free (in Yukon, NWT & Nunavut):
1-800-661-0408 ext. 5715
Fax: 867-393-6405

Email: fish.wildlife@gov.yk.ca
Address: Box 2703 (V-419) Whitehorse, Yukon, Canada Y1A 2C6