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Yukon Species At Risk

Wood bison

Wood Bison along the Alaska Highway (BC) are slowly expanding into the Yukon (photo: Syd Cannings).

The earth's plants and animals are going extinct at an alarming rate - a rate that some biologists have estimated at about 100 species every day. Many more species are at risk, including some that live in the Yukon.

Today, it is recognized that all life is linked together, that the survival of an endangered species is tied to the survival of its habitat and the other life forms to which it is linked.

Cover image of Species at Risk document

Want more information about species at risk nationally that occur in Yukon? Full of photos, maps, and interesting facts, Yukon Species at Risk describes the threats faced by some of our most iconic plants and animals.


Mechanisms for Identifying Species at Risk

Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada

COSEWIC is a national committee that evaluates the status of all wildlife species in Canada and identifies those most at risk. COSEWIC places species at risk in the following categories:

Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES)

CITES is an international agreement between governments. Its aim is to ensure that international trade of wild animals and plants does not threaten their survival. Currently many mammals, birds and orchids require a special permit to bring listed species into or out of Canada. If you have any questions, please contact a Conservation Officer.

Yukon Wildlife Act

The Yukon Wildlife Act (Regulations Section 5) lists several species as "specially protected" including:

Yukon Wildlife Act icon image - this is a pdf file 550 KB

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Species at Risk in Yukon

At Risk in Yukon (last date assessed by COSEWIC)



  • Yukon Draba (Draba yukonensis) (2011, awaiting listing)


  • Little Brown Myotis (Little Brown Bat - Myotis lucifugus) (2012, awaiting listing)
  • Northern Myotis (Northern Long-eared Bat - Myotis septentrionalis) (2012, awaiting listing)



  • Baikal Sedge (Carex sabulosa) (2005)


  • Bank Swallow (2013, awaiting listing)
  • Barn Swallow (2011, awaiting listing)
  • Canada Warbler (2008)
  • Common Nighthawk (2007)
  • Olive-sided Flycatcher (2007)
  • Red Knot (roselaari type) (an accidental species in Yukon)


  • Woodland Caribou (boreal population) (2002)

Special Concern


  • Dune Tachinid Fly (Germaria angustata) (2011, awaiting listing)


  • Western Toad (2012)


  • Bering Cisco (2004, not listed)
  • Bull Trout (western arctic population 2012, awaiting listing)
  • Dolly Varden (2010, awaiting listing)
  • Squanga Whitefish (1997)


  • Buff-breasted Sandpiper (2012, awaiting listing)
  • Horned Grebe (2009, awaiting listing)
  • Peregrine Falcon (2007)
  • Rusty Blackbird (2006)
  • Short-eared Owl (2008)


  • Bowhead Whale (Bering-Chukchi-Beaufort population) (2009)
  • Collared Pika (2011, awaiting listing)
  • Grey Whale (Eastern North Pacific population) (2004)
  • Grizzly Bear (Western population) (2012, awaiting listing)
  • Polar Bear (2008)
  • Wolverine (western population) (2003, awaiting listing)
  • Wood Bison (2013, awaiting down-listing from Threatened)
  • Woodland Caribou (Northern Mountain population) (2002)


Under Review (anticipated date of next assessment)


  • Spiked Saxifrage (Micranthes spicata) (to be determined)
  • Yukon Podistera (Podistera yukonensis) (November 2014)


  • Ashton’s Cuckoo Bumble Bee (Bombus ashtoni) (April 2014)
  • Western Bumble Bee (Bombus occidentalis) (April 2014)


  • Bering Cisco (Coregonus laurettae) (to be determined)
  • Pygmy Whitefish (to be determined)


  • Evening Grosbeak (to be determined)
  • Red-necked Phalarope (November 2014)


  • Caribou (Barren-ground) (April 2015)
  • Caribou (Boreal Population) (November 2014)
  • Caribou (Northern Mountain Population) (April 2014)
  • Grey Whale (Eastern North Pacific population) (November 2014)
  • Ringed Seal (Not at Risk 1989) (to be determined)
  • Wolverine (Western Population) (April 2014)


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How You Can Help

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Additional Resources

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Fish and Wildlife

Environment Yukon

Government of Yukon

Box 2703 (V-5)
Whitehorse, Yukon
Canada Y1A 2C6

Branch and Research Support Coordinator
Toll free (in Yukon): 1-800-661-0408 ext. 5715
Fax: 867-393-6405

Email: fish.wildlife@gov.yk.ca

Last Updated: December 04, 2013 | © 2014 Government of Yukon | Copyright | Privacy Statement | Disclaimer