Yukon Species At Risk

Wood bison

Wood Bison along the Alaska Highway (BC) are slowly expanding into the Yukon (photo: Syd Cannings).

The earth's plants and animals are going extinct at an alarming rate - a rate that some biologists have estimated at about 100 species every day. Many more species are at risk, including some that live in the Yukon.

Today, it is recognized that all life is linked together, that the survival of an endangered species is tied to the survival of its habitat and the other life forms to which it is linked.

Cover image of Species at Risk document

Want more information about species at risk nationally that occur in Yukon? Full of photos, maps, and interesting facts, Yukon Species at Risk describes the threats faced by some of our most iconic plants and animals.


Mechanisms for Identifying Species at Risk

Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada

COSEWIC is a national committee that evaluates the status of all wildlife species in Canada and identifies those most at risk. COSEWIC places species at risk in the following categories:

Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES)

CITES is an international agreement between governments. Its aim is to ensure that international trade of wild animals and plants does not threaten their survival. Currently many mammals, birds and orchids require a special permit to bring listed species into or out of Canada. If you have any questions, please contact a Conservation Officer.

Yukon Wildlife Act

The Yukon Wildlife Act (Regulations Section 5) lists several species as "specially protected" including:

Yukon Wildlife Act icon image - this is a pdf file 550 KB

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Species at Risk in Yukon

At Risk in Yukon (last date assessed by COSEWIC)



  • Yukon Draba (Draba yukonensis) (2011, awaiting listing)


  • Little Brown Myotis (Little Brown Bat - Myotis lucifugus) (2012)
  • Northern Myotis (Northern Long-eared Bat - Myotis septentrionalis) (2012)


  •  Gypsy Cuckoo Bumble Bee (Bombus bohemicus) (2014, awaiting listing)



  • Baikal Sedge (Carex sabulosa) (2005)


  • Bank Swallow (2013, awaiting listing)
  • Barn Swallow (2011, awaiting listing)
  • Canada Warbler (2008)
  • Common Nighthawk (2007)
  • Olive-sided Flycatcher (2007)
  • Red Knot (roselaari type) (an accidental species in Yukon)


  • Woodland Caribou (boreal population) (2014)

Special Concern



  • Spiked Saxifrage (Mircanthes spicata) (2015, awaiting listing)
  • Yukon Podistera (Podistera yukonensis) (2014, awaiting listing)                 


  • Dune Tachinid Fly (Germaria angustata) (2011, awaiting listing)
  • Western Bumble Bee mackayi subspecies (Bombus occidentalis) (2014, awaiting listing)
  • Yellow-banded Bumble Bee (Bombus terricola) (2015, awaiting listing)


  • Western Toad (2012)


  • Bering Cisco (2004, not listed)
  • Bull Trout (western arctic population 2012, awaiting listing)
  • Dolly Varden (2010, awaiting listing)
  • Squanga Whitefish (1997)


  • Buff-breasted Sandpiper (2012, awaiting listing)
  • Horned Grebe (2009, awaiting listing)
  • Peregrine Falcon (2007)
  • Red-necked Phalarope (2014, awaiting listing)
  • Rusty Blackbird (2006)
  • Short-eared Owl (2008)


  • Bowhead Whale (Bering-Chukchi-Beaufort population) (2009)
  • Collared Pika (2011, awaiting listing)
  • Grey Whale (Eastern North Pacific population) (2004)
  • Grizzly Bear (Western population) (2012, awaiting listing)
  • Polar Bear (2008)
  • Wolverine (2014, awaiting listing)
  • Wood Bison (2013, awaiting down-listing from Threatened)
  • Woodland Caribou (Northern Mountain population) (2014)

Under Review (anticipated date of next assessment)


  • Baikal Sedge (Carex sabulosa) (April 2016)
  • Yukon Wild Buckwheat (Eriogonum flavum var. aquilinum) (November 2016)


  • Transverse Lady Beetle (Coccinella transversoguttata) (November 2016)


  • Bering Cisco (Coregonus laurettae) (November 2015)
  • Pygmy Whitefish (April 2016)


  • Evening Grosbeak (April 2016)
  • Rusty Blackbird (April 2017)


  • Caribou (Barren-ground) (April 2016)
  • Grey Whale (Eastern North Pacific population) (April 2017)

Not at Risk


  • Yukon Aster (Symphyotrichum yukonensis) (April 1996)
  • Yukon Goldenweed (Nestotus macleanii) (April 1997)
  • Wood’s Sagebrush (Artemisia rupestris) (April 1997)
  • Narrow-leaved Wallflower (Erysimum angustatum) (April 1993)


  • Columbia Spotted Frog (May 2000)


  • Spoonhead Sculpin (April 1989)


  • Common Loon (April 1997)
  • Yellow-billed Loon (April 1997)
  • Trumpeter Swan (April 1996)
  • American Coot (April 1991)
  • Double-crested Cormorant (April 1978)
  • Bald Eagle (April 1984)
  • Golden Eagle (April 1996)
  • Northern Goshawk atricapillus subspecies (April 1996)
  • Red-necked Grebe (April 1982)
  • Gyrfalcon (April 1987)
  • Northern Harrier (April 1993)
  • Red-tailed Hawk (April 1995)
  • Rough-legged Hawk (April 1995)
  • Sharp-shinned Hawk (April 1997)
  • Merlin (April 1985)
  • Boreal Owl (April 1995)
  • Great Grey Owl (April 1996)
  • Northern Hawk Owl (April 1992)
  • Snowy Owl (April 1995)



  • Northern Grey Wolf (April 1999)
  • Ringed Seal (April 1989)
  • Beluga – Eastern Beaufort Sea Population (May 2004)

Data Deficient


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How You Can Help

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Additional Resources

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Fish and Wildlife

Environment Yukon

Government of Yukon

Box 2703 (V-5)
Whitehorse, Yukon
Canada Y1A 2C6

Branch and Research Support Coordinator
Toll free (in Yukon): 1-800-661-0408 ext. 5715
Fax: 867-393-6405

Email: fish.wildlife@gov.yk.ca